javax.xml.namespace
Class QName

java.lang.Object
  extended by javax.xml.namespace.QName
All Implemented Interfaces:
java.io.Serializable

public class QName
extends java.lang.Object
implements java.io.Serializable

QName represents a qualified name as defined in the XML specifications: XML Schema Part2: Datatypes specification, Namespaces in XML, Namespaces in XML Errata.

The value of a QName contains a Namespace URI, local part and prefix.

The prefix is included in QName to retain lexical information when present in an XML input source. The prefix is NOT used in QName.equals(Object) or to compute the QName.hashCode(). Equality and the hash code are defined using only the Namespace URI and local part.

If not specified, the Namespace URI is set to XMLConstants.NULL_NS_URI. If not specified, the prefix is set to XMLConstants.DEFAULT_NS_PREFIX.

QName is immutable.

Since:
1.5
Version:
$Revision: 754581 $, $Date: 2009-03-14 21:32:39 -0400 (Sat, 14 Mar 2009) $
Author:
Jeff Suttor
See Also:
XML Schema Part2: Datatypes specification, Namespaces in XML, Namespaces in XML Errata, Serialized Form

Constructor Summary
QName(java.lang.String localPart)
          QName constructor specifying the local part.
QName(java.lang.String namespaceURI, java.lang.String localPart)
          QName constructor specifying the Namespace URI and local part.
QName(java.lang.String namespaceURI, java.lang.String localPart, java.lang.String prefix)
          QName constructor specifying the Namespace URI, local part and prefix.
 
Method Summary
 boolean equals(java.lang.Object objectToTest)
          Test this QName for equality with another Object.
 java.lang.String getLocalPart()
          Get the local part of this QName.
 java.lang.String getNamespaceURI()
          Get the Namespace URI of this QName.
 java.lang.String getPrefix()
          Get the prefix of this QName.
 int hashCode()
          Generate the hash code for this QName.
 java.lang.String toString()
          String representation of this QName.
static QName valueOf(java.lang.String qNameAsString)
          QName derived from parsing the formatted String.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, finalize, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

QName

public QName(java.lang.String namespaceURI,
             java.lang.String localPart)

QName constructor specifying the Namespace URI and local part.

If the Namespace URI is null, it is set to XMLConstants.NULL_NS_URI. This value represents no explicitly defined Namespace as defined by the Namespaces in XML specification. This action preserves compatible behavior with QName 1.0. Explicitly providing the XMLConstants.NULL_NS_URI value is the preferred coding style.

If the local part is null an IllegalArgumentException is thrown. A local part of "" is allowed to preserve compatible behavior with QName 1.0.

When using this constructor, the prefix is set to XMLConstants.DEFAULT_NS_PREFIX.

The Namespace URI is not validated as a URI reference. The local part is not validated as a NCName as specified in Namespaces in XML.

Parameters:
namespaceURI - Namespace URI of the QName
localPart - local part of the QName
See Also:
QName(String namespaceURI, String localPart, String prefix)

QName

public QName(java.lang.String namespaceURI,
             java.lang.String localPart,
             java.lang.String prefix)

QName constructor specifying the Namespace URI, local part and prefix.

If the Namespace URI is null, it is set to XMLConstants.NULL_NS_URI. This value represents no explicitly defined Namespace as defined by the Namespaces in XML specification. This action preserves compatible behavior with QName 1.0. Explicitly providing the XMLConstants.NULL_NS_URI value is the preferred coding style.

If the local part is null an IllegalArgumentException is thrown. A local part of "" is allowed to preserve compatible behavior with QName 1.0.

If the prefix is null, an IllegalArgumentException is thrown. Use XMLConstants.DEFAULT_NS_PREFIX to explicitly indicate that no prefix is present or the prefix is not relevant.

The Namespace URI is not validated as a URI reference. The local part and prefix are not validated as a NCName as specified in Namespaces in XML.

Parameters:
namespaceURI - Namespace URI of the QName
localPart - local part of the QName
prefix - prefix of the QName

QName

public QName(java.lang.String localPart)

QName constructor specifying the local part.

If the local part is null an IllegalArgumentException is thrown. A local part of "" is allowed to preserve compatible behavior with QName 1.0.

When using this constructor, the Namespace URI is set to XMLConstants.NULL_NS_URI and the prefix is set to XMLConstants.DEFAULT_NS_PREFIX.

In an XML context, all Element and Attribute names exist in the context of a Namespace. Making this explicit during the construction of a QName helps prevent hard to diagnosis XML validity errors. The constructors QName(String namespaceURI, String localPart) and QName(String namespaceURI, String localPart, String prefix) are preferred.

The local part is not validated as a NCName as specified in Namespaces in XML.

Parameters:
localPart - local part of the QName
See Also:
QName(String namespaceURI, String localPart), QName(String namespaceURI, String localPart, String prefix)
Method Detail

getNamespaceURI

public java.lang.String getNamespaceURI()

Get the Namespace URI of this QName.

Returns:
Namespace URI of this QName

getLocalPart

public java.lang.String getLocalPart()

Get the local part of this QName.

Returns:
local part of this QName

getPrefix

public java.lang.String getPrefix()

Get the prefix of this QName.

The prefix assigned to a QName might NOT be valid in a different context. For example, a QName may be assigned a prefix in the context of parsing a document but that prefix may be invalid in the context of a different document.

Returns:
prefix of this QName

equals

public final boolean equals(java.lang.Object objectToTest)

Test this QName for equality with another Object.

If the Object to be tested is not a QName or is null, then this method returns false.

Two QNames are considered equal if and only if both the Namespace URI and local part are equal. This method uses String.equals() to check equality of the Namespace URI and local part. The prefix is NOT used to determine equality.

This method satisfies the general contract of Object.equals(Object)

Overrides:
equals in class java.lang.Object
Parameters:
objectToTest - the Object to test for equality with this QName
Returns:
true if the given Object is equal to this QName else false

hashCode

public final int hashCode()

Generate the hash code for this QName.

The hash code is calculated using both the Namespace URI and the local part of the QName. The prefix is NOT used to calculate the hash code.

This method satisfies the general contract of Object.hashCode().

Overrides:
hashCode in class java.lang.Object
Returns:
hash code for this QName Object

toString

public java.lang.String toString()

String representation of this QName.

The commonly accepted way of representing a QName as a String was defined by James Clark. Although this is not a standard specification, it is in common use, e.g. Transformer.setParameter(String name, Object value). This implementation represents a QName as: "{" + Namespace URI + "}" + local part. If the Namespace URI .equals(XMLConstants.NULL_NS_URI), only the local part is returned. An appropriate use of this method is for debugging or logging for human consumption.

Note the prefix value is NOT returned as part of the String representation.

This method satisfies the general contract of Object.toString().

Overrides:
toString in class java.lang.Object
Returns:
String representation of this QName

valueOf

public static QName valueOf(java.lang.String qNameAsString)

QName derived from parsing the formatted String.

If the String is null or does not conform to QName.toString() formatting, an IllegalArgumentException is thrown.

The String MUST be in the form returned by QName.toString().

The commonly accepted way of representing a QName as a String was defined by James Clark. Although this is not a standard specification, it is in common use, e.g. Transformer.setParameter(String name, Object value). This implementation parses a String formatted as: "{" + Namespace URI + "}" + local part. If the Namespace URI .equals(XMLConstants.NULL_NS_URI), only the local part should be provided.

The prefix value CANNOT be represented in the String and will be set to XMLConstants.DEFAULT_NS_PREFIX.

This method does not do full validation of the resulting QName.

The Namespace URI is not validated as a URI reference. The local part is not validated as a NCName as specified in Namespaces in XML.

Parameters:
qNameAsString - String representation of the QName
Returns:
QName corresponding to the given String
See Also:
QName.toString()


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