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Xerces-C++ 3.1.1
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Version Macro
 

Xerces-C++ has defined a numeric preprocessor macro, _XERCES_VERSION, for users to introduce into their code to perform conditional compilation where the version of Xerces is detected in order to enable or disable version specific capabilities. For example,

#if _XERCES_VERSION >= 20304
  // code specific to Xerces-C++ version 2.3.4
#else
  // old code here...
#endif

The minor and revision (patch level) numbers have two digits of resolution which means that '3' becomes '03' and '4' becomes '04' in this example.

There are also other string macros or constants to represent the Xerces-C++ version. Please refer to the header xercesc/util/XercesVersion.hpp for further details.


Schema Support
 

Xerces-C++ contains an implementation of the W3C XML Schema Language. See the Schema page for details.


Progressive Parsing
 

In addition to using the parse() method to parse an XML File. You can use the other two parsing methods, parseFirst() and parseNext() to do 'progressive parsing', so that you don't have to depend upon throwing an exception to terminate the parsing operation.

Calling parseFirst() will cause the DTD (both internal and external subsets), and any pre-content, i.e. everything up to but not including the root element, to be parsed. Subsequent calls to parseNext() will cause one more pieces of markup to be parsed, and spit out from the core scanning code to the parser (and hence either on to you if using SAX or into the DOM tree if using DOM).

You can quit the parse any time by just not calling parseNext() anymore and breaking out of the loop. When you call parseNext() and the end of the root element is the next piece of markup, the parser will continue on to the end of the file and return false, to let you know that the parse is done. So a typical progressive parse loop will look like this:

// Create a progressive scan token
XMLPScanToken token;

if (!parser.parseFirst(xmlFile, token))
{
  cerr << "scanFirst() failed\n" << endl;
  return 1;
}

//
// We started ok, so lets call scanNext()
// until we find what we want or hit the end.
//
bool gotMore = true;
while (gotMore && !handler.getDone())
  gotMore = parser.parseNext(token);

In this case, our event handler object (named 'handler' surprisingly enough) is watching for some criteria and will return a status from its getDone() method. Since the handler sees the SAX events coming out of the SAXParser, it can tell when it finds what it wants. So we loop until we get no more data or our handler indicates that it saw what it wanted to see.

When doing non-progressive parses, the parser can easily know when the parse is complete and insure that any used resources are cleaned up. Even in the case of a fatal parsing error, it can clean up all per-parse resources. However, when progressive parsing is done, the client code doing the parse loop might choose to stop the parse before the end of the primary file is reached. In such cases, the parser will not know that the parse has ended, so any resources will not be reclaimed until the parser is destroyed or another parse is started.

This might not seem like such a bad thing; however, in this case, the files and sockets which were opened in order to parse the referenced XML entities will remain open. This could cause serious problems. Therefore, you should destroy the parser instance in such cases, or restart another parse immediately. In a future release, a reset method will be provided to do this more cleanly.

Also note that you must create a scan token and pass it back in on each call. This insures that things don't get done out of sequence. When you call parseFirst() or parse(), any previous scan tokens are invalidated and will cause an error if used again. This prevents incorrect mixed use of the two different parsing schemes or incorrect calls to parseNext().


Preparsing Grammar and Grammar Caching
 

Xerces-C++ 2.8.0 provides a new function to pre-parse the grammar so that users can check for any syntax or error before using the grammar. Users can also optionally cache these pre-parsed grammars for later use during actual parsing.

Here is an example:

XercesDOMParser parser;

// enbale schema processing
parser.setDoSchema(true);
parser.setDONamespaces(true);

// Let's preparse the schema grammar (.xsd) and cache it.
Grammar* grammar = parser.loadGrammar(xmlFile, Grammar::SchemaGrammarType, true);

Besides caching pre-parsed schema grammars, users can also cache any grammars encountered during an xml document parse.

Here is an example:

SAXParser parser;

// Enable grammar caching by setting cacheGrammarFromParse to true.
// The parser will cache any encountered grammars if it does not
// exist in the pool.
// If the grammar is DTD, no internal subset is allowed.
parser.cacheGrammarFromParse(true);

// Let's parse our xml file (DTD grammar)
parser.parse(xmlFile);

// We can get the grammar where the root element was declared
// by calling the parser's method getRootGrammar;
// Note: The parser owns the grammar, and the user should not delete it.
Grammar* grammar = parser.getRootGrammar();

We can use any previously cached grammars when parsing new xml documents. Here are some examples on how to use those cached grammars:

/**
  * Caching and reusing XML Schema (.xsd) grammar
  * Parse an XML document and cache its grammar set. Then,  use the cached
  * grammar set in subsequent parses.
  */

XercesDOMParser parser;

// Enable schema processing
parser.setDoSchema(true);
parser.setDoNamespaces(true);

// Enable grammar caching
parser.cacheGrammarFromParse(true);

// Let's parse the XML document. The parser will cache any grammars encountered.
parser.parse(xmlFile);

// No need to enable re-use by setting useCachedGrammarInParse to true. It is
// automatically enabled with grammar caching.
for (int i=0; i< 3; i++)
    parser.parse(xmlFile);

// This will flush the grammar pool
parser.resetCachedGrammarPool();
/**
  * Caching and reusing DTD grammar
  * Preparse a grammar and cache it in the pool. Then, we use the cached grammar
  * when parsing XML documents.
  */

SAX2XMLReader* parser = XMLReaderFactory::createXMLReader();

// Load grammar and cache it
parser->loadGrammar(dtdFile, Grammar::DTDGrammarType, true);

// enable grammar reuse
parser->setFeature(XMLUni::fgXercesUseCachedGrammarInParse, true);

// Parse xml files
parser->parse(xmlFile1);
parser->parse(xmlFile2);

There are some limitations about caching and using cached grammars:

  • When caching/reusing DTD grammars, no internal subset is allowed.
  • When preparsing grammars with caching option enabled, if a grammar, in the result set, already exists in the pool (same NS for schema or same system id for DTD), the entire set will not be cached.
  • When parsing an XML document with the grammar caching option enabled, the reuse option is also automatically enabled. We will only parse a grammar if it does not exist in the pool.

Loadable Message Text
 

The Xerces-C++ supports loadable message text. Although the current drop just supports English, it is capable to support other languages. Anyone interested in contributing any translations should contact us. This would be an extremely useful service.

In order to support the local message loading services, all the error messages are captured in an XML file in the src/xercesc/NLS/ directory. There is a simple program, in the tools/NLS/Xlat/ directory, which can spit out that text in various formats. It currently supports a simple 'in memory' format (i.e. an array of strings), the Win32 resource format, and the message catalog format. The 'in memory' format is intended for very simple installations or for use when porting to a new platform (since you can use it until you can get your own local message loading support done.)

In the src/xercesc/util/ directory, there is an XMLMsgLoader class. This is an abstraction from which any number of message loading services can be derived. Your platform driver file can create whichever type of message loader it wants to use on that platform. Xerces-C++ currently has versions for the in memory format, the Win32 resource format, the message catalog format, and ICU message loader. Some of the platforms can support multiple message loaders, in which case a #define token is used to control which one is used. You can set this in your build projects to control the message loader type used.


Pluggable Transcoders
 

Xerces-C++ also supports pluggable transcoding services. The XMLTransService class is an abstract API that can be derived from, to support any desired transcoding service. XMLTranscoder is the abstract API for a particular instance of a transcoder for a particular encoding. The platform driver file decides what specific type of transcoder to use, which allows each platform to use its native transcoding services, or the ICU service if desired.

Implementations are provided for Win32 native services, ICU services, and the iconv services available on many Unix platforms. The Win32 version only provides native code page services, so it can only handle XML code in the intrinsic encodings ASCII, UTF-8, UTF-16 (Big/Small Endian), UCS4 (Big/Small Endian), EBCDIC code pages IBM037, IBM1047 and IBM1140 encodings, ISO-8859-1 (aka Latin1) and Windows-1252. The ICU version provides all of the encodings that ICU supports. The iconv version will support the encodings supported by the local system. You can use transcoders we provide or create your own if you feel ours are insufficient in some way, or if your platform requires an implementation that Xerces-C++ does not provide.


Porting Guidelines
 

All platform dependent code in Xerces has been isolated to a couple of files, which should ease the porting effort. Here are the basic steps that should be followed to port Xerces.

  1. The directory src/xercesc/util/Platforms contains the platform sensitive files while src/xercesc/util/Compilers contains all development environment sensitive files. Each operating system has a file of its own and each development environment has another one of its own too.
    As an example, the Win32 platform as a Win32Defs.hpp file and the Visual C++ environment has a VCPPDefs.hpp file. These files set up certain define tokens, typedefs, constants, etc... that will drive the rest of the code to do the right thing for that platform and development environment. AIX/CSet have their own AIXDefs.hpp and CSetDefs.hpp files, and so on. You should create new versions of these files for your platform and environment and follow the comments in them to set up your own. Probably the comments in the Win32 and Visual C++ will be the best to follow, since that is where the main development is done.
  2. Next, edit the file XercesDefs.hpp, which is where all of the fundamental stuff comes into the system. You will see conditional sections in there where the above per-platform and per-environment headers are brought in. Add the new ones for your platform under the appropriate conditionals.
  3. Now edit AutoSense.hpp. Here we set canonical Xerces internal #define tokens which indicate the platform and compiler. These definitions are based on known platform and compiler defines.
    AutoSense.hpp is included in XercesDefs.hpp and the canonical platform and compiler settings thus defined will make the particular platform and compiler headers to be the included at compilation.
    It might be a little tricky to decipher this file so be careful. If you are using say another compiler on Win32, probably it will use similar tokens so that the platform will get picked up already using what is already there.
  4. Once this is done, you will then need to implement a version of the platform utilities for your platform. Each operating system has a file which implements some methods of the XMLPlatformUtils class, specific to that operating system. These are not terribly complex, so it should not be a lot of work. The Win32 version is called Win32PlatformUtils.cpp, the AIX version is AIXPlatformUtils.cpp and so on. Create one for your platform, with the correct name, and empty out all of the implementation so that just the empty shells of the methods are there (with dummy returns where needed to make the compiler happy.) Once you've done that, you can start to get it to build without any real implementation.
  5. Once you have the system building, then start implementing your own platform utilities methods. Follow the comments in the Win32 version as to what they do, the comments will be improved in subsequent versions, but they should be fairly obvious now. Once you have these implementations done, you should be able to start debugging the system using the demo programs.

Other concerns are:

  • Does ICU compile on your platform? If not, then you'll need to create a transcoder implementation that uses your local transcoding services. The iconv transcoder should work for you, though perhaps with some modifications.
  • What message loader will you use? To get started, you can use the "in memory" one, which is very simple and easy. Then, once you get going, you may want to adapt the message catalog message loader, or write one of your own that uses local services.
  • What should I define XMLCh to be? Please refer to What should I define XMLCh to be? for further details.

That is the work required in a nutshell!


Using C++ Namespace
 

Xerces-C++ supports C++ Namespace as of Version 2.2.0.

The macro XERCES_HAS_CPP_NAMESPACE is defined in each Compiler Definition file if C++ Namespace is supported.

For example in header xercesc/util/Compilers/GCCDefs.hpp, the C++ Namespace is enabled:

// -------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Indicate that we support C++ namespace
// Do not define it if the compile cannot handle C++ namespace
// -------------------------------------------------------------------------
#define XERCES_HAS_CPP_NAMESPACE

If C++ Namespace support is ENABLED (all the binary distributions of Xerces-C++ 2.8.0 are built with C++ Namespace enabled), users' applications must namespace qualify all the Xerces-C++ classes, data and variables with XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_QUALIFIER or add the XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_USE statement. Users also need to ensure all forward declarations are properly qualified or scoped.

Note: If If C++ Namespace support is ENABLED, XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_QUALIFIER expands to the Xerces-C++ namespace name followed by two colons, and XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_USE expands to the full using namespace statement, including the semicolon. Do NOT add colons or semicolons following these macros in your source.

If C++ Namespace support is not enabled, both macros expand to an empty string. The same holds for macros XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_BEGIN and XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_END, introduced in the example below. You will also see all of these macros used throughout the Xerces-C++ source code.

For example:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <xercesc/sax/HandlerBase.hpp>

// indicate using Xerces-C++ namespace in general
XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_USE

// need to properly scope any forward declarations
XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_BEGIN
  class AttributeList;
XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_END


// or namespace qualifier the forward declarations
class XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_QUALIFIER ErrorHandler;

class MySAXHandlers : public HandlerBase
{
public:
    // -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    //  Handlers for the SAX DocumentHandler interface
    // -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    void startElement(const XMLCh* const name, AttributeList& attributes);
    void characters(const XMLCh* const chars, const unsigned int length);
:
:
};

All macros used above are defined in header file xercesc/util/XercesDefs.hpp:

#if defined(XERCES_HAS_CPP_NAMESPACE)
    #define XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_BEGIN    namespace xercesc_2_8 {
    #define XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_END    }
    #define XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_USE    using namespace xercesc_2_8;
    #define XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_QUALIFIER    xercesc_2_8::

    namespace xercesc_2_8 { }
    namespace xercesc = xercesc_2_8;
#else
    #define XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_BEGIN
    #define XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_END
    #define XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_USE
    #define XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_QUALIFIER
#endif

Users should make use of these pre-defined macro in their applications. For example:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <xercesc/sax/HandlerBase.hpp>

// indicate using Xerces-C++ namespace in general
XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_USE

// need to properly scope any forward declarations
XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_BEGIN
class AttributeList;
XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_END

// or namespace qualify the forward declarations
class XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_QUALIFIER ErrorHandler;

class MySAXHandlers : public HandlerBase
{
public:
    // -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    //  Handlers for the SAX DocumentHandler interface
    // -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    void startElement(const XMLCh* const name, AttributeList& attributes);
    void characters(const XMLCh* const chars, const unsigned int length);
:
:
};

For those users who want to selectively pick which version of API to use, they can do something like the code below (Note that this is not the best of examples, as the API is the same in all versions):

#if _XERCES_VERSION == 20300
  // code specific to Xerces-C++ version 2.3.0
  new xercesc_2_3::SAXParser();
#elif _XERCES_VERSION == 20200
  // code specific to Xerces-C++ version 2.2.0
  new xercesc_2_2::SAXParser();
#else
  // old code here...
  new SAXParser();
#endif

But for those who just want to call the latest API, then they should use the macro XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_QUALIFIER for source compatibility:

new XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_QUALIFIER SAXParser();

Header file xercesc/util/XercesDefs.hpp also declares namespace xercesc as a generic namespace name which will be assigned to xercesc_YY_ZZ in each specific release, where "YY" is the Major Release Number and "ZZ" is the Minor Version Number. However, when you use xercesc:: instead of XERCES_CPP_NAMESPACE_QUALIFIER when your compiler does not support namespaces, your code will not work.


Specify Locale for Message Loader
 

The Xerces-C++ has implemented mechanism to support NLS, though the current drop has only English version message file, it is capable to support other languages once the translated version of the target language is available.

Application can specify the locale for the message loader in their very first invocation to XMLPlatformUtils::Initialize() by supplying a parameter for the target locale intended. The default locale is "en_US".


...
    // Initialize the parser system
    try
    {
         XMLPlatformUtils::Initialize("fr_FR");
    }

    catch ()
    {
    }
..

Specify Location for Message Loader
 

The Xerces-C++ searches for message files at the default message directory, $XERCESCROOT/msg.

Application can specify an alternative location for the message files in their very first invocation to XMLPlatformUtils::Initialize() by supplying a parameter for the alternative location intended.


...
    // Initialize the parser system
    try
    {
         XMLPlatformUtils::Initialize("en_US", "/usr/application_root/msg_home");
    }

    catch ()
    {
    }
..

Pluggable Panic Handler
 

The Xerces-C++ reports, through the method panic(), any panic encountered, to the panic handler installed, which in turn takes whatever action appropriate, to handle the panic.

The Xerces-C++ allows application plugging a customized panic handler (class implementing the interface PanicHandler), in its very first invocation to XMLPlatformUtils::Initialize() by supplying a parameter for the panic handler intended.

In the absence of such a plugged panic handler, Xerces-C++ default panic handler is installed and used, which aborts program whenever a panic is seen.


...
    // Initialize the parser system
    try
    {
         PanicHandler* ph = new MyPanicHandler();

         XMLPlatformUtils::Initialize("en_US"
                                    , "/usr/application_root/msg_home"
                                    , ph);
    }

    catch ()
    {
    }
..

Pluggable Memory Manager
 

Certain applications wish to maintain precise control over memory allocation. This enables them to recover more easily from crashes of individual components, as well as to allocate memory more efficiently than a general-purpose OS-level procedure with no knowledge of the characteristics of the program making the requests for memory. As of Xerces-C 2.3.0 this is supported via the Pluggable Memory Handler.

Users that have no particular memory management requirements (beyond that components don't leak memory or attempt to read from or write to areas of memory they haven't been assigned), should notice no behavioural changes in the parser, so long as their code conforms to Xerces-C best practices (e.g., avoids implicit destruction of objects related to the parser after XMLPlatformUtils::Terminate() has been called; see the FAQ entry describing a reason why applications may suddenly start segfaulting with Xerces-C 2.3.0 for details.). Such users can ignore this subsection and continue using the parser as they always had.

Users who wish to implement their own MemoryManager, an interface found in xercesc/framework/MemoryManager.hpp, need implement only two methods:

// This method allocates requested memory.
// the parameter is the requested memory size
// A pointer to the allocated memory is returned.
virtual void* allocate(size_t size) = 0;

// This method deallocates memory
// The parameter is a pointer to the allocated memory to be deleted
virtual void deallocate(void* p) = 0;

To maximize the amount of flexibility that applications have in terms of controlling memory allocation, a MemoryManager instance may be set as part of the call to XMLPlatformUtils::Initialize() to allow for static initialization to be done with the given MemoryHandler; a (possibly different) MemoryManager may be passed in to the constructors of all Xerces parser objects as well, and all dynamic allocations within the parsers will make use of this object. Assuming that MyMemoryHandler is a class that implements the MemoryManager interface, here is a bit of pseudocode which illustrates these ideas:

MyMemoryHandler *mm_for_statics = new MyMemoryHandler();
MyMemoryHandler *mm_for_particular_parser = new MyMemoryManager();

// initialize the parser information; try/catch
// removed for brevity
XMLPlatformUtils::Initialize(XMLUni::fgXercescDefaultLocale, 0,0,
        mm_for_statics);

// create a parser object
XercesDOMParser *parser = new
        XercesDomParser(mm_for_particular_parser);

// ...
delete parser;
XMLPlatformUtils::Terminate();

Notice that, to maintain backward compatibility, the MemoryManager parameter is positioned last in the list of parameters to XMLPlatformUtils::Initialize(); this means that all other parameters must be specified with their defaults as found in Xerces code if all other aspects of standard behaviour are to be preserved.

If a user provides a MemoryManager object to the parser, then the user owns that object. It is also important to note that Xerces default implementation simply uses the global new and delete.

Finally, there are two platform/compiler-related limitations of our memory handling facilities that certain users will need to be aware of:

  • The compiler shipped with HPUX 11 does not understand "placement" delete operators. These versions of delete have the same signature as our "placement" new operators but will only be invoked when an exception is thrown during the construction of an object. Since the HP compiler does not permit delete to be overridden twice within a class, we cannot provide a placement delete; hence, in the few cases in which an exception may be thrown during object construction by Xerces, destructors of objects created during that construction will not be called.
  • There is a bug in versions of GCC older than 2.96 which makes it impossible to have the pluggable memory manager create elements in the RefHash3KeysIdPool template hashtable. Therefore, on this compiler, we must use global new for this purpose. These elements will be properly destroyed under this compiler; the limitation is that, since the pluggable memory manager cannot be used, these particular elements will not be destroyed if the user destroys their memory manager directly. Note that this hashtable is not used that often in Xerces.

Managing Security Vulnerabilities
 

The purpose of the SecurityManager class is to permit applications a means to have the parser reject documents whose processing would otherwise consume large amounts of system resources. Malicious use of such documents could be used to launch a denial-of-service attack against a system running the parser. Initially, the SecurityManager only knows about attacks that can result from exponential entity expansion; this is the only known attack that involves processing a single XML document. Other, similar attacks can be launched if arbitrary schemas may be parsed; there already exist means (via use of the EntityResolver interface) by which applications can deny processing of untrusted schemas. In future, the SecurityManager will be expanded to take these other exploits into account.

The SecurityManager class is very simple: It will contain getters and setters corresponding to each known variety of exploit. These will reflect limits that the application may impose on the parser with respect to the processing of various XML constructs. When an instance of SecurityManager is instantiated, default values for these limits will be provided that should suit most applications.

By default, Xerces-C is a wholly conformant XML parser; that is, no security-related considerations will be observed by default. An application must set an instance of the SecurityManager class on a Xerces parser in order to make that parser behave in a security-conscious manner. i.e.:

SAXParser *myParser = new SAXParser();
SecurityManager *myManager = new SecurityManager();
myManager->setEntityExpansionLimit(100000); // larger than default
myParser->setSecurityManager(myManager);
// ... use the parser

Note that SecurityManager instances may be set on all kinds of Xerces parsers; please see the documentation for the individual parsers for details.

Note also that the application always owns the SecurityManager instance. The default SecurityManager that Xerces provides is not thread-safe; although it only uses primitive operations at the moment, users may need to extend the class with a thread-safe implementation on some platforms.


Use Specific Scanner
 

For performance and modularity, the Xerces-C++ has implemented a mechanism to allow users to specify the scanner to use when scanning an XML document. Such mechanism will enable the creation of special purpose scanners that can be easily plugged in.

Xerces-C++ supports the following scanners:

WFXMLScanner
 

The WFXMLScanner is a non-validating scanner which performs well-formedness check only. It does not do any DTD/XMLSchema processing. If the XML document contains a DOCTYPE, it will be silently ignored (i.e. no warning message is issued). Similarly, any schema specific attributes (e.g. schemaLocation), will be treated as normal element attributes. Setting grammar specific features/properties will have no effect on its behavior (e.g. setLoadExternalDTD(true) is ignored).

// Create a DOM parser
XercesDOMParser parser;

// Specify scanner name
parser.useScanner(XMLUni::fgWFXMLScanner);

// Specify other parser features, e.g.
parser.setDoNamespaces(true);

DGXMLScanner
 

The DGXMLScanner handles XML documents with DOCTYPE information. It does not do any XMLSchema processing, which means that any schema specific attributes (e.g. schemaLocation), will be treated as normal element attributes. Setting schema grammar specific features/properties will have no effect on its behavior (e.g. setDoSchema(true) is ignored).

// Create a SAX parser
SAXParser parser;

// Specify scanner name
parser.useScanner(XMLUni::fgDGXMLScanner);

// Specify other parser features, e.g.
parser.setLoadExternalDTD(true);

SGXMLScanner
 

The SGXMLScanner handles XML documents with XML schema grammar information. If the XML document contains a DOCTYPE, it will be ignored. Namespace and schema processing features are on by default, and setting them to off has not effect.

// Create a SAX2 parser
SAX2XMLReader* parser = XMLReaderFactory::createXMLReader();

// Specify scanner name
parser->setProperty(XMLUni::fgXercesScannerName, (void *)XMLUni::fgSGXMLScanner);

// Specify other parser features, e.g.
parser->setFeature(XMLUni::fgXercesSchemaFullChecking, false);

IGXMLScanner
 

The IGXMLScanner is an integrated scanner and handles XML documents with DTD and/or XML schema grammar. This is the default scanner used by the various parsers if no scanner is specified.

// Create a DOMBuilder parser
DOMBuilder *parser = ((DOMImplementationLS*)impl)->createDOMBuilder(DOMImplementationLS::MODE_SYNCHRONOUS, 0);

// Specify scanner name - This is optional as IGXMLScanner is the default
parser->setProperty(XMLUni::fgXercesScannerName, (void *)XMLUni::fgIGXMLScanner);

// Specify other parser features, e.g.
parser->setFeature(XMLUni::fgDOMNamespaces, doNamespaces);
parser->setFeature(XMLUni::fgXercesSchema, doSchema);



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